There is an increasing awareness about maintaining health and wellness, and the best way to stay healthy is to eat healthy. There are three main factors, which helps us in developing a complete healthy body: good diet, regular exercise and a healthy lifestyle.
Let us begin with diets and have a look on some healthy food groups, which we should consume. It is also essential to see the calorie-content of various foods as elevated calories in food results in health problems such as obesity and diabetes. Health experts believe that a healthy diet can lower the risks of number of life-threatening diseases such as diabetes, heart attack and osteoporosis. Hence, developing, managing and maintaining a good diet has become an essential part of our health routine.
And for doing this we should know the basic difference between a nutritious diet and well-balanced diet. Although, most of us believe that a nutritious diet and well-balanced diet are one and the same, in reality they are not!!! A nutritious eating methodology might involve nourishments, which hold all the fundamental supplements, for example, protein, vitamin, fats, sugars and minerals.
The ingredients of well-balanced diet usually differ according to the sex, age and physical fitness of an individual. An older adult may be unable to eat certain foods required to fulfill his/her nutritious requirements. However, a well-balanced diet can help an older adult to get the essential nutrients even through a sparse diet. For example, 100 grams of wheat and 100 grams of rice contain nearly 12 grams and 6.4 grams of protein, respectively. Similarly, 100 grams of ragi and 100 grams of rice contain 344 mg and 9 mg of calcium, respectively. Therefore, by planning a well-balanced diet we can give all the essentials nutrients even with the small amount of foods.
To derive the entire essential nutrient from the foods, we shall always need to choose a variety of healthy foods. All the five essential nutrients can be derived, if a diet includes foods from the following groups:
· Green leafy vegetables
· Fresh or seasonal fruits
· Cereals and pulses
· Fish and meat products
· Dairy products such as curd, cheese etc.
Today, obesity and overweight are one of the major factors for life-threatening diseases such as atherosclerosis, heart attack and diabetes. Overweight and Obesity problems are mainly caused by poor eating and over consuming of calories. Calories are essential in our body for proper metabolic functioning. However, over-consumption of fat calories may lead to a number of health concerns . Fat Calorie demands of a person depend on a number of factors likes of age, physical fitness, height and weight and body composition. Hence, you also need to be conscious about the foods, which are calorie rich. Take a look at following figures:
· 28 grams of butter = 200 calories
· 37 grams of potato chips = 200 calories
· 75 grams of burger = 200 calories
· 66 grams of hot dogs = 200 calories
· 385 grams of apples = 200 calories
· 357 grams of green peas = 200 calories
· 588 grams of broccoli = 200 calories
· 1425 grams of celery = 200 calories
Knowing this you would surely choose to buy few kgs of apples which will provide you with many nutrients rather than to eating burgers or hot pie which are unnecessary calorie intake. Ideally, women require 1940 calorie and men requires 2550 calories intake on daily basis.